International College of Technical Education.
Head Office :
Office # 27, Second Floor, Maryam Shadi Hall Plaza
(Airies Plaza), Shamsabad, Murree Road,
Rawalpindi, Pakistan 46000.
Email : email@example.com
Contact : 051-8736681, 0311-5193625, 0092-335-4176949
The Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) of 1970 was passed by Congress “to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the Nation safe and healthful working conditions and to preserve our human resources.”
Under the OSH Act, OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) was established within the Department of Labor and was authorized to regulate health and safety conditions for all employers with few exceptions.OSHA is authorized to conduct workplace inspections to enforce its standards. Nearly all inspections are conducted without any advance notice. Listed in their order of importance, as determined by OSHA:
1. Coming up Danger – Coming up danger situations are given top priority. An coming up danger is any condition where there is reasonable certainty that a danger exists that can be expected to cause death or serious physical harm immediately or before the danger can be eliminated through normal enforcement procedures.
2. Disastrous and Fatal Accidents – Second priority is given to the investigation of fatalities and disasters resulting in the hospitalization of three or more employees.
3. Employee Complaints – Each employee has the right to request an OSHA inspection when the employee feels that he or she is in imminent danger from a hazard, or when he or she feels that there is a violation of an OSHA standard that threatens physical harm.
The Occupational Safety and Health Act grants OSHA the authority to issue workplace health and safety regulations. These regulations include limits on hazardous chemical exposure, employee access to hazard information, requirements for the use of personal protective equipment, and requirements to prevent falls and hazards from operating dangerous equipment. OSHA’s current Construction, General Industry, Maritime and Agriculture standards are designed to protect workers from a wide range of serious hazards. Examples of OSHA standards include requirements for employers to: provide fall protection such as a safety harness/line or guardrails; prevent trenching cave-ins; prevent exposure to some infectious diseases; ensure the safety of workers who enter confined spaces; prevent exposure to harmful chemicals; put guards on dangerous machines; provide respirators or other safety equipment; and provide training for certain dangerous jobs in a language and vocabulary workers can understand. OSHA sets enforceable permissible exposure limits (PELs) to protect workers against the health effects of exposure to hazardous substances, including limits on the airborne concentrations of hazardous chemicals in the air. Most of OSHA’s PELs were issued shortly after adoption of the OSH Act in 1970. Attempts to issue more stringent PELs have been blocked by litigation from industry; thus, the limits have not been updated since 1971. The agency has issued non-binding, alternate occupational exposure limits that may better protect workers.] Employers must also comply with the General Duty Clause of the OSH Act. This clause requires employers to keep their workplaces free of serious recognized hazards and is generally cited when no specific OSHA standard applies to the hazard.
Introduction to OSHA and the OSH Act
Basic Safety Orientation
Walking & Working Surfaces
Emergency Action Plan Module
Hazardous Materials Module
Personal Protective Equipment Module
Confined Spaces & Permit Required Confined Spaces Module
Materials Handling & Storage Module
Machine Guarding Safety Module